My 8 favorite Photography Composition Tips & Techniques
When you get into photography you may have heard or read about the 'rules' and 'guides' that photographers must follow, and going against those rules will lead you to have a bad photo. I thought that too when I first picked up my first DSLR camera. but after a while I decided that I'm going to shoot what I feel looks right or what my artistic right brain tells me to do.
Today, I believe using the rules and guidelines as options that could help you achieve a better photo, consider them as tips. Keep in mind that I still think that you should shoot what you think that will deliver your feeling and the story behind your photo.
I'll begin with the most known rule, The Rule of Thirds.
1. Rule of thirds
This is the most known rule and the most common to find on cameras, manufacturers usually call it grid. The rule of thirds basically means that the photo is divided vertically and horizontally in thirds ending you with 9 equal sized squares. The rule states that you should place your objects on the lines rather that placing them in the center of the frame.
2. Golden Ratio
"two quantities are in the golden ratio if their ratio is the same as the ratio of their sum to the larger of the two quantities. The figure on the right illustrates the geometric relationship. Expressed algebraically, for quantities a and b with a > b > 0,"
"Rule of Thirds, version 2.0" - Omar AlQabandi
From what I know there are 2 ways that people using this composition method. The first would be using the Fibonacci Spiral which divides the photo into different sized squares or triangles. The other is by using the Golden Ration grid. I personally have used the Golden Ratio grid before but have never intentionally used the Fibonacci Spiral because I personally think its a bit complex to shoot by using it.
3. Negative Space
This is an easy one, When shooting a subject, try leaving as much as negative space in the photo that you're about to shoot. This helps the viewer to look at the subject without any distractions. This method is often used by minimalists who try to keep their photo as simple as possible.
4.Fill the Frame
Filling the frame is the exact opposite of the Negative Space. This method states that you fill the photo with the subject you're shooting. This also removes any distractions and makes the viewer focus more on the subject.
5. Leading Lines
Having lines that leads to your subject in a photo can help lead viewers eyes to the main subject of the photo. Leading Lines don't need to be straight, Lines can also be curved which can also make the photo more attractive to the eyes.
6. Symmetrical Composition
Sometimes placing the subject in the middle of a photo perfectly works with symmetrical subjects such as buildings and roads. subjects with reflections can also fall under symmetrical compositions.
7. Framing Composition
Framing composition is basically using elements that helps frame your subjects, elements can be things such as windows, doors, caves, etc. This method also shows depth in your photos.
Last thing I wanted to add is Experimenting and using your own style in photos, I believe that this is the best way to express or show your style in photography. Even if your experiments fails, you'll still learn from them. I say this because I did this before, and I still do. Keep in mind that practice makes perfect. KEEP SHOOTING.